Question & Answer Archive


Category:


Home / Archive / English

Question:

What is the difference between surname family name and surname at birth earlier family name?



Answer:
When a child is born, a birth certificate is created for the child. On the birth certificate the child's name must be entered and this is the NAME AT BIRTH or SURNAME AT BIRTH. It consists of a given name and a family name. The family name in most cases comes from the father but if the father is unknown or the parents are not married at the time of child's birth, the child may get the mother's family name. So the child gets the name of some family (father's or mother's) but since it happens at birth it is called the NAME AT BIRTH. No need to mention that such name can be one only and it is recorded for the rest of child's life.


Then later on in life a person may change his/her name (called SURNAME or FAMILY NAME) for different reasons and a number of times. If the woman gets married she usually changes her name for the one of her husband. Then she has the husband's surname or family name and this name will be different from her SURNAME AT BIRTH. A man may also change his surname or family name because he does not like the spelling or for any other reason and then his surname or family name will be different from his SURNAME AT BIRTH.


When filling out any application there is a field asking for SURNAME/FAMILY NAME (any application for naturalisation of English speaking countries). A person must write down his/her name that they have at that time. This is their FAMILY NAME then. But below there is a field asking for SURNAME AT BIRTH so there is no doubt who is the appilicant. There can be only one unique name at birth for this person and it cannot be confused with the many family names he/she may have during their long lives.


So again, a person may have a couple of different family names within the span of life but only one name or surname at birth.

Related Questions:
What are the answers to vocabulary workshop level c unit 11 choosing the right word?

Is there any other language in the world other than English to have lower case and upper case letters?

What is the quote thats like even if we never see them friends again it is enough to know that they are alive and in this world?

Can you use relevant in place like you have to take a test in your relevant town?

What do you think is the best way for an english language learner to learn the difference between formal and informal english?

How did ferdinand de sausaure distintion between signified and signifier is of immense value towards an understanding of the nature of meaning?

Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious is longer than antidisestablishmentarianism so why is the second word considered longer?